What is waste management? It involves collection, processing, disposal and monitoring of waste materials. Material gets wasted on and after use through human activity. Management of waste becomes essential to reduce the ill effects of waste material on human health as well as the health of the environment.
Waste management solutions can vary for both developed as well as developing nations. They can vary for urban and rural regions. There is difference between the disposal practices for residential and industrial sectors. Local government authorities manage the non-hazardous residential and institutional waste in metropolitan regions. The responsibility for hazardous waste and industrial or commercial waste falls on national and international controls.
Waste can be defined as unusable material that is discarded by residential, commercial and industrial users. Waste can be slotted into several categories. It could be household waste, kitchen waste, discarded and degraded waste, commercial waste and hazardous waste. These categories could overlap. Household waste could be of a hazardous nature. For example, unwanted products that are of a corrosive, flammable or reactive nature are types of household hazardous waste.
Waste management strategies involve reducing, reusing or recycling the waste. Landfills are probably the major disposal channels for all types of wastes in the United Kingdom. They will be responsible for over eighty per cent of the waste streaming in the country. Waste materials are piled up in an abandoned places like the borrow pits, mining voids or the quarries. The material is then buried for disposal with time. If the landfill is managed well, it can turn out to be a hygienic and less costly channel of waste disposal.
The biggest benefit of waste management is that it aims to reduce pollution in the environment. If waste is discarded without discipline and mindlessly, it can pollute air and water and pile up severe negative effects on the environment as well as the health of the people. It is essential for people to be conscious about the way they handle commercial waste or hazardous waste in their house or at the place of work. The responsibility of safe and proper waste disposal should begin with residential and business owners.