Tuesday, December 12, 2017

Top Foods that Burn Fat and are Good for Weight Loss


The calories that you burn during a workout may depend on the kinds of calories you take in before that workout, as suggested by research done in the field of nutrition. The research has been done by Dr. Mike Roussell. He is the author of `6 Pillars of Nutrition’ and a renowned nutritional consultant. People who take in rich carbohydrates for breakfast such as muesli, skimmed milk and yogurt before working out in the gym do not get their blood sugar levels spiked. They will be able to burn about fifty per cent more fat during their post breakfast workout in comparison with those kinds of people who spike up their blood sugar levels with food like white bread or corn flakes. Carbohydrates that cause the blood sugar levels to rise are referred to as high-glycemic index carbs. The carbohydrates that do not boost up the blood sugar levels are called low-glycemic index carbs. It is not easy to categorize the so-called `fat burning’ foods. Dr. Roussell states that “most foods do not proactively elicit increase in calorie burning but instead create a physiological environment in which fat burning is more easily accomplished”. For example, broccoli does not boost up your rate of metabolism but it can be categorized as a low calorie food that consists of carbohydrates that are slow to digest; it also contains fiber and phytochemicals that help in clearing off estrogen. Bahar Takhtehchian, a Co-Editor of Shape Magazine, also endorses the view that low glycemic index carbohydrates will help burn almost fifty per cent more fat than the high glycemic index carbs. Her favorite suggested recipe is cherry-almond-yogurt parfait. Two other popular fat melting foods are green tea and hot peppers. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition has published a new study that finds mono-unsaturated fats, that are found in avocados and olive oil, can be added to the long list of foods that help you burn calories and fat faster. Additionally, peanuts, hazelnuts and Macadamia nuts are also among the top fat burners. Apart from muesli, skimmed milk and yogurt, other forms of low glycemic index carbohydrates are whole grains, whole grain cereals, oats, soy and linseed bread. Barry Braun, Director of the Energy Metabolism Laboratory at the University of Massachusetts at Amherst, has done some research on eating prior to exercise. He feels that “eating large amounts of high glycemic index carbohydrates right before exercise is probably as detrimental for overweight people as it is for the normal weight ones”. He feels that the high glycemic index carbs will come in handy for a marathon runner who needs high energy immediately before running a marathon. Regardless of whatever goals you set for yourself, it always starts with food for anyone who tries to lose weight. Dr. Mike Roussell feels that if you increase soy protein in your diet, it will help tone your muscles to burn your fat at a quicker pace and give you a contoured physique. If you want to burn your fat and lose weight at a rapid pace, it is important to pay attention to what Dr. Roussell is talking about in the Shape Magazine.

Four Examples of Hyperplasia


Hyperplasia is a condition where there is an increase in the volume of organic tissues which results from cell proliferation. It leads to enlargements of organs. It is a common type of pre-neoplastic response to stimulus. Under a large microscope, the cells get increased in numbers even though they may look like normal cells. 4 Types 1. Benign prostatic hyperplasia – This condition is also known as enlargement of the prostate. 2. Congenital adrenal hyperplasia- This is an inherited disorder of the adrenal gland. 3. Endometrial hyperplasia – This is due to the hyper proliferation of the endometrium. It results from estrogen stimulation in a setting of polycystic ovary syndrome and exogenous administration of hormones. This may also lead to endometrial adeno carcinoma. 4. Hemihyperplasia – This happens when only one side or half of the body is affected.

Scenic Vistas on the Mexican Riviera


Cruises to the Mexican Riviera are probably one of the most affordable in the world. Most of the Mexican Riviera cruises leave from San Diego in California. They are mostly of seven-night duration. These cruises are a popular choice for people as a vacation, particularly for those that live on the western coast of the United States of America. The number of cruises that are available is growing because the cruising season lasts throughout the year. The Mexican Riviera is also called the `Gold Coast’. It is on the western coast of Mexico. The cruise has many attractions. There are plenty of opportunities for shopping and fishing. There are many historic churches in the villages. There is wildlife also in the Mexican Riviera that includes whales, dolphins and sea lions. There is a large variety of tropical fish that can be seen in the vistas here. The cruise lines operating in the Mexican Riviera are the Royal Caribbean, Carnival Cruise Lines, the Norwegian Cruise Lines, Princess Cruises and Holland America Line. They offer their cruises throughout the year. Royal Caribbean offers a seven night cruise on the Mariner of the Seas liner which is the largest cruise ship that is home porting on the west coast of the United States of America. The popular ports of call on the Mexican Riviera cruise are Cabo San Lucas, Acapulco, Puerto Vallarta and Mazatlan. The cruises begin mostly from San Diego in California. It is an ideal location to begin and end your Mexican Riviera cruise vacation. The weather is beautiful throughout the year. San Diego has more than seventy miles of world class beaches. The Big Bay offers many adventure opportunities for the whole family. You can explore San Diego before you take your cruise. All cruises leave from the downtown ship terminal. Some of the cruise lines offer baggage service where the ship personnel will collect your baggage and take it to your cabin for you. The first usual port of call on the Mexican Riviera cruise is Cabo San Lucas. It is a resort place. You will find many famous celebrities on vacation here. The most famous attraction in this region is the Land’s End. It is a series of formations of rocks at a point where the Pacific Ocean meets the Cortez Sea. The landscape is filled with all kinds of cacti. The place is also famous for sports fishing. It is a golf circuit haven with many championship golf courses of international class. Whale watching can be done during January to March season. The official language used is Spanish. The most important structure at `Land’s End’ is El Arco which is a large arch of granite that was formed by waves and wind. The next usual port of call is Acapulco which is another well known resort point of Mexico. You can see cliff diving shows here. It has good beaches and a vibrant nightlife. It is a major sea port in Guerrero State on the Mexican Pacific Coast. The Acapulco Bay is deep blue in color. The places of interest in Acapulco are the San Diego Fort, The Zocalo or the Town Square and Nuestra Senora de la Soledad Church. You can see many dolphins at the Acapulco Magico Mundo Marino. You can watch the professional cliff divers at the La Quebrada. The next usual port of call is Puerto Vallarta which is a historical place. Its town area is full of shops and bars. You can watch the wonderful whales at the Puerto Vallarta Bay and the dolphins at the Banderas Bay. At Puerto Vallarta, you can also take the famous pirate ship tour. The Pirates of the Bay tour is a show that has impressive acrobatics too. Two costumed pirates will welcome the tourists and give them ID bracelets along with color codes for deck seating. While here, you may also visit some tequila factories or try catching the Pacific sailfish while watching the blue marlins. The next usual port of call and the last one is Mazatlan. It is well known for its deep sea fishing and water sports. It is a resort city at the Pacific Coast of Mexico. Many cruise operators are hesitant to stop over here for issues of security concern, much like the St. Croix Island in the Caribbean. The important places to visit, however, in Mazatlan are the Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception and the Esplanade along the Olas Atlas Beach. If you are looking for reasonable cruise fares to the Mexican Riviera, you should not travel from mid-June to mid-August as the tariff is highest during this period. This is because most families travel when their children have school vacations. The off-season rates are available from January to May. The average temperature in the Mexican Riviera throughout the year is quite high and generally in the eighties (Fahrenheit). It can get quite humid and hot during the summer. The scenic vistas of deserts, beaches, blue surf and big fish are unforgettable along the Mexican Riviera and the southern region of Baja California where there is great weather all the year round. This place has been spiced up and romanticized by the Hollywood stars and writers.

What does a Private Detective do?


A private investigator can be employed for diverse purposes. It could be corporate espionage or a homicide investigation. It could be family problems related with drug usage or abduction. A detective may have to work most of the day on the street to provide logistical support to the agency he or she is working for. This representation ability is a very important characteristic in the job specification of a private investigator. Sometimes, the detective has to be ultra patient and remain for many hours, waiting for a suspect, at one particular place. The detective may have to wait endlessly in a car or at a bar or a restaurant and at the same time he or she has to blend well in the environment in order not to be spotted easily. The detective has to possess inter personal relationship qualities and be persuasive enough to get information out of people. An investigator has to be comfortable while using electronic equipment like a GPS (global positioning system) or sophisticated video cameras so as to get good results during the investigation. A detective has to be conversant with the state and federal laws to understand what can be done and cannot be done within the bounds of investigation. Private investigators will have to take on a variety of jobs that may include helping the insurance agencies to investigate cases of frauds or lending agencies to locate missing debtors. They may also have to act on behalf of individuals who are involved in family arbitration. They have to trace out missing relatives sometimes in specific cases where beneficiaries to a will are involved. To complete the investigation, a detective may have to contact private or even public organizations to get personal information out. In such cases, the detective has to be familiar with the Data Protection Act that regulates the personal information process.

Getting Rid of Clogged Drains


If you are experiencing clogged drains quite frequently in your house, you can usually fix it temporarily with Alka Seltzer tablets and white vinegar. Take two Alka Seltzer tablets, place them into the clogged drain and then pour one cup of vinegar down the drain. After about fifteen minutes, you can pour boiling hot water over it. Your drain should be considerably free of clog after that. This is not a permanent cure. We are always there to get rid of clogged drains in your house for you. We may need to clean the traps, vents and the piping pitches. Should you note that your toilet, bath, shower, bathroom sink and the kitchen drain are all clogged; then, it is possible that the main drain is blocked. Most of the clogs pile up around the stopper in your kitchen sink, the bathroom sink and bathtubs. You can try removing the strainer and cleaning it. Usually, hair will clog around the strainers. You can do this on a regular basis. Another good tool for clogged drains is the plunger. If the blockage is not too far into the main drain, a plunger can do the job. If the blockage is far, then don’t mess with it. Call us. Before using the plunger, it is effective to block any overflow holes by stuffing wet rags into them. These holes are mostly located opposite the faucets. If there is not much standing water in the basin, run some water to collect for two to three inches over the drain hole. This water will aid in forcing the obstruction out of the drain.

Stereo Cameras are the next big thing in Safety


Most of the high end luxury cars have started to pay attention to issues like detection of blind spots and technology concerning avoidance of collision. Three companies who have taken up this challenge are Autoliv Electronics, Continental and Subaru. Autoliv Electronics are doing well with the sales of radar units that help with blind spots and their sales have gone up about ten times in the last four years. They have produced over one million units last year all over the world. Autoliv Electronics is a Swedish company that started making airbags first. Now, it offers adaptive cruise control and night vision devices. It is working now on taking out stereo cameras that can help in pedestrian detection and lane departure warning. These cameras will also help in roadside recognition alerts. These cameras are likely to become popular very quickly. The blind-spot radar system along with the stereo cameras is a package that includes rear cross-traffic alert signals. This system alerts you on the approaching cars from the side when you are backing out of a parking space. This is a two-sensor system and costs about hundred dollars per sensor. These stereo cameras can do many things. Their most common feature will be lane-departure warning. The cameras can also control your high and low beams which will make it very convenient for you. The cameras can also recognize traffic signs and they can warn you about forward collision. There are certain things you can do with a camera which you cannot do with the radars and that is the recognition of traffic signs. The cost of the stereo cameras is not going to be much more expensive than the radar sensors. Introducing the stereo cameras to the cars’ safety system will help in reducing traffic accidents, particularly those accidents which involve pedestrians. The stereo cameras will use a six-dimensional analysis of image and they will be able to gauge the direction in which there is a forward movement. They will also be able to gauge a range with an accuracy of between twenty to thirty centimeters at a distance of twenty to thirty meters. The stereo cameras have a range of up to sixty meters which will help in the improvement of braking systems. The stereo cameras are going to set a good trend in the future of safety applications with their ability to help in lane departure warning and control of smart beams. About half of the reported accidents that result in major personal injuries are involving pedestrians and cars at the intersections. The stereo cameras’ ability to better gauge movements will help reduce such kinds of accidents. In heavy traffic conditions, these cameras will also alert the driver when the car ahead of him or her has moved if the driver does not react in few seconds. The technology can also help reduce damages caused by collision by cutting down the acceleration when it spots an obstacle in front and when the pedal is still being pushed forward. It will also be effective when a driver gets into the ‘drive’ mode unintentionally instead of the ‘reverse’ mode when backing out in a parking space. The design of the cameras will give an angle of detection wider than that provided by the radars.

Saturday, December 2, 2017

Five Reasons you do not lose Fat when Dieting


Are you dieting and not losing fat? You are not aware of some common diet mistakes that you may be committing. Kathleen Zelman, Director of Nutrition for WebMD, says that you “may be eating a lot more calories than you think when you are on a diet”. You can check out the common diet mistakes everyone makes as per Adam Bornstein who contributes to `Shape.com’ by writing articles on weight loss strategies. 1. Not sticking to the basics – Exercises are created to relax you. Your workout has to be enjoyable. You are not going to get fit any faster if you are doing a ball balancing act on one leg. The basics will get you the same results. You will find them in the classic multi-muscle exercises such as squats and dead lifts. The fat on your butts and legs will definitely melt. While doing this, you cannot eat whenever you feel like. Do not be a victim of “eating amnesia” when you put your hand to mouth without knowing it. This happens mostly in front of a television in your living room when you snatch something from a packet or while reading a book. How can you kick this habit of mindless eating? You can get out of this habit by trying a cup of tea or a glass of water or simply chewing sugarless gum. 2. Performing more Cardio – Cardio may help you burn those calories and fat but it is not the answer or a primary solution. It is the weight training that is more likely to burn your fat. Cardio has to be secondary to weight training. Our hectic daily schedules have made us get into the unhealthy habit of eating fast. Tara Gidus, a Spokeswoman for the American Dietetic Association, says, “We need to adopt more of the leisurely European-style eating so that we can savor our food”. 3. There is no intensity in your workout – People try to focus more on the social aspect in the gym than concentrate on the workout itself, particularly if they go to the gym with a cycle of friends. Workout has to be intense and short. The idea is to feel your muscles work while sweating it out. You must be skipping meals besides going to the gym. Breakfast skipping is a big mistake. Research has shown that breakfast eaters weigh less on an average than breakfast skippers. Two meals, at least per day, should be taken. 4. Taking in too many liquid calories – You may not know but liquid calories from sodas, teas, sweetened juices, coffee and smoothies add that extra fat on to you. Alcohol is also in this list. A study has found that more than twenty per cent of people get their extra calories from beverages. 5. Choosing unhealthy Add-ons – When you are on a diet, you try to increase the portions in the size of your snacks or meals for the simple reason that you feel you are doing regular exercise and also skipping meals. You also develop a habit of topping your topping your diet salads with high-fat add-ons like creamy dressings, croutons, bacon and cheese.

Escape with a relaxing Croatia Yacht Charter


Croatia has become a popular destination for people who want to sail. Visitors are attracted to its beaches and blue waters on account of its hot climate. People get to see and visit more than a hundred little peaceful islands in the neighboring Adriatic Sea. Yacht charter in Croatia is an ideal way to go about visiting these islands and the major cities along the coast. It is a marvelous experience to explore these places. Croatia yacht charters can give you an opportunity to explore the Adriatic Sea by selecting all sizes of sailing boats or luxury yachts. You get the option of choosing among large sized motor yachts, gullets and catamarans. The rentals of mega yachts are very popular for sailing in Croatia. Perfect Place for Sailing You can do sailing in Croatia if you love the sea and the sun. All water sports enthusiasts rent boats in Croatia to spend a perfect summer holiday. Apart from sailing, this place has many attractions. There are many interesting archaeological sites. Among them, there are eight national parks and six sites in the World Heritage category. There is plenty of night life on offer on the islands with some great diners and bars with live music. Dubrovnik in Croatia provides a Middle Age touch to the visitors. It is an impressive sight when you arrive into Dubrovnik by the sea route. It is a perfect place to stop for a yacht charter in Croatia. Another major Croatia yacht charter town is Split which is one of the largest Dalmatian towns on the Adriatic Coast. The number of gullets and sailing yachts that are available here make this a major port. Split is an important place for tourism. The town offers many attractions in the form of restaurants and shops. Pula is another place in Croatia where its coastal waters allow the visitors to do fishing, diving and snorkeling. Pula is also known for its ancient surviving Roman monuments, the First Century Amphitheatre being the most famous. This is among the six biggest Roman arenas that have survived in the world and has been named as the `Arena’ locally. Another important attraction at Pula is the Gate of Hercules that also dates back to the first century. Private Tours and Sailing Holidays in Croatia Croatia has a lot to offer to the tourist today with neighboring Slovenia and Lake Bled as extensions to the sailing holiday. The coastline is packed with glamorous islands and ancient ports with their sights of wilderness. You can get in touch with us to plan your sailing in Croatia as we offer many private tours to suit one and all. You can plan your yacht charter in Croatia from Opatija, Dubrovnik or Split. These charters can take you to the lovely islands on tours stretching up to eight days. Croatia yacht charter can take you on private tours to explore the beauty of the coastal areas. While on tour, you can visit the Krka and Plitvice National Parks. You can also visit the historical town of Zadar which is like a cultural capital of Croatia. Explore the Hidden Gems of Europe while on a Sailing Holiday in Croatia We can arrange the private tour for you to discover and explore some of the hidden and rare places of Europe while sailing in Croatia. You can start from the Port of Dubrovnik. It is an ancient walled city that has streets of cobbled stones, vintage boutiques and fine dining places. Dubrovnik is also well known for its wine and good seafood. You can also plan a yacht charter in Croatia at Split and Opatija. The Adriatic Sea is packed with many scenic islands. Croatia yacht charter is the biggest attraction for sailing enthusiasts. The pristine beaches and the beautiful waters are a pleasing sight for many a tourist. Luxury Yacht Specialists We can offer you the largest database of rentals for boats on the Adriatic Sea as Croatia yacht charter specialists. We offer a fleet of motor boats, sailing boats, catamarans, gullets and luxury yachts to make sailing in Croatia an easy and enjoyable experience for you. Simply browse through our site and pick out a yacht that suits you from our full service yacht charter in Croatia. Our team is always ready to offer the ideal luxury yacht charter to visitors. We also offer our full charter service to private individual or business clients. The charter could be for any special occasion or just for holidaying. We can take care of all car and mini-van transfers from the airports before you decide to escape with a relaxing Croatia yacht charter.

An Essay on the Punjabi Language


Punjabi is an Indo-Aryan language that is spoken by people of the Punjab region in North Western India and in North Eastern Pakistan. Punjabi can be divided into two categories. The categories are Western Punjabi and Eastern Punjabi. Western Punjabi broke up into Saraiki, Potwari and Hindko. These came to be counted later almost as separate languages. Eastern Punjabi remained independently as what is Punjabi today. It is the official language of the state of Punjab in India. The term `Punjabi’ refers to the land which belongs to five waters. The word has its roots in Persian. It refers to the five major eastern tributaries of the Indus River. For the community of Sikhs, Punjabi is their principal language. In Pakistan, Punjabi is the most spoken language. There are more than one hundred and six million native speakers of the Punjabi language. This makes it the tenth most widely spoken language in the world. There are about seventy six million native Punjabi speakers in Pakistan and about thirty million Punjabi speakers in India. Punjabi is a descendant of the Saurasheni Prakrit which was spoken as the main language in medieval Northern India. After the partition of India, the Punjab region was divided between Pakistan and India. Though the Punjabi people made up the second biggest linguistic group in Pakistan after Bengali, Urdu was declared the national language of Pakistan. Punjabi did not get any official status. The Indian territory of Punjab which also included Haryana and Himachal Pradesh became a Hindi majority region. Punjabi is also spoken as a minority language in several other countries where the Punjabis have migrated in large numbers such as the United States of America, Canada, Australia and the United Kingdom. History Punjabi can be traced back as an independent language to the ninth century after Christ. The earliest traces of Punjabi can be found in the works of Nath Yogis, Gorakshanath and Charpatnath in the ninth century. Punjab faced the brunt of Moghul invaders during the middle ages. The internal conflicts within Punjab also proved harmful to the growth and development of the Punjabi language and its literary works. Guru Nanak, who lived between 1469 and 1539, was the founder of the Sikh religion and he gave a new impetus to the Punjabi language. The fifth Guru, Arjun Dev, 1563-1606, compiled the Sikh scripture, the `Adi Grantha’ or the `Grantha Saheb’ in Punjabi. During these middle ages, the Hindu and Sikh writers wrote in the Punjabi language. The best known Hindu Punjabi poet of the seventeenth century was Chandar Bhan who was originally from Lahore. The Muslim writers were also prolific in terms of creativity in Punjabi. A Muslim poet named Abdullah, 1616-1666, wrote `Bara Anva’(Twelve Topics) in Punjabi which is a thesis on Islam. During this period, many Muslim Sufi poets came into the limelight. Their compositions, which were purely in Punjabi, form an integral part of the Punjabi literature in both content and spirit. One of the famous Sufi poets was Ali Haider, 1689-1776, who wrote a large number of `Siharfis’ or poems involving thirty stanzas. Each stanza began, though, with a letter of the Persian alphabet. Poems on historical figures and stories formed a major literary part of the eighteenth century. After the British took over Punjab, Hindi language gained prominence in Punjab. The Hindus too with their reform movements like Arya Samaj and Sanatan Dharma gave importance to Hindi. Punjabi, in its Gurumukhi character, was taken up and used mainly by the Sikhs. Dialects Punjabi language has many dialects which are spoken in the sub regions of greater Punjab. Since the partition of Punjab in 1947, Punjabi that is spoken in both Pakistan and India has drifted apart from each other. The Indians rely heavily on Sanskrit vocabulary through Hindi. The Pakistanis rely mostly on Farsi and Urdu influence with the Shahmukhi script. The Majhi dialect is Punjab’s prime dialect. It is considered as textbook Punjabi and is spoken in the historical region of Majha. It has had its influence on both Amritsar and Lahore. Modern Punjabi consists of many dialects. The Majhi or the standard Punjabi is the written standard in both parts of Punjab. The Punjabi language in India has replaced several Persian and Arabic loan words acquired through Urdu with words of Sanskrit origin because of the domination of Hindi instead of Urdu in India. Recent modernisation and industrialisation has seen an English influence in both parts of Punjab. Major Punjabi dialects are Majhi, Shahpuri, Malwi, Doabi, Pwadhi, Dogri and Multani. The Multani dialect of Punjabi is spoken in Pakistani Punjab. Riasati and Thalochri are sub dialects of Multani. It is spoken by a majority of people in the northern parts of Sindh, Hyderabad and Karachi. Dogri is spoken by about four million people in the Jammu region of India. Pwadhi is spoken in Powadh and in some regions of Punjab and parts of Haryana between the Sutlej and the Ghaggar rivers. Doabi is spoken in Indian Punjab in Jalandhar, Nawanshahr and Hoshiarpur between the Beas and the Sutlej rivers. Doabi means in Persian the land between two rivers. Malwi is spoken in the eastern part of Indian Punjab. Main areas are Ludhiana, Barnala and Faridkot. Shahpuri dialect is mainly spoken in Pakistani Punjab. It is named after the town of Shahpur. Majhi or the prime dialect is spoken in central Punjab spanning Lahore, Faisalabad, Sheikhupura, Sialkot, Amritsar and Gurdaspur. A few portions of the Guru Granth Saheb use the Punjabi dialects but the book is also interspersed with several languages including Brijbhasha, Khariboli and Sanskrit. Guru Gobind Singh, the last Guru of the Sikhs, composed `Chandi di Var’ in Punjabi. Some of his works were written in languages like Brijbhasha and Farsi. Punjabi is extra ordinary among the modern Indo-European languages because it is a tonal language. Script In the twentieth century, the Punjabi speaking Sikhs started giving importance to the Punjabi written in the Gurumukhi script as an emblem of their distinct identity. Punjabi identity was affected by the communal sentiments in the twentieth century. Pakistani Punjabis use the older Shahmukhi script which is a modified version of the Persian Nastaliqi script. Gurumukhi and Shahmukhi are the two official scripts of the Punjabi language. Gurumukhi script was derived from Brahmi which was used for Ashoka’s edicts and was known for its vowel signs. Literature The Punjabi literary origin started with Baba Farid or Fariduddin Ganjshakar in the early thirteenth century. The literary tradition continued with many ancient Sufi Muslim writers and with Guru Nanak Dev, the first Guru of Sikhism. The early Punjabi literature was essentially spiritual in nature and has had a strong oral tradition. The poetry written by Sufi saints has formed the folklore of Punjab and has still remained popular where people sing with great affection in all parts of Punjab. Muslim Sufi writers composed many works in Punjabi between 1600 and 1850. The most well known Punjabi Sufi poet was Baba Bulleh Shah (1680-1757). He wrote in the Kafi style. He practiced the Sufi tradition of Punjabi poetry that was established by poets like Shah Hussain (1540-1600), Sultan Bahu (1630-1690) and Shah Sharaf (1640-1725). He was also a contemporary of the legendary poet Waris Shah (1722-1798) who wrote Heer Ranjha. This is one of the most popular medieval Punjabi works. Other popular tragic love stories are Sohni Mahiwal, Mirza Sahiba and Sassi Punnun. Shah Mohammad’s `Jangnama’ is a fine piece of poetry that describes an account of the First Anglo Sikh war that occurred after the death of Maharaja Ranjit Singh. The great linguist, George Abraham Grierson, used the word Punjabi and its dialects in his multi volume, `Linguistic Survey of India’ which he wrote between 1904 and 1928. A major figure in the revival movement of the Punjabi literary tradition, Bhai Vir Singh, started insisting that the Punjabi language was the exclusive prerogative of the Sikhs. Grammar Punjabi has three typical tones that developed from the lost voiced aspirate series of consonants. Phonetically, the tones are rising or rising-falling contours and they can spread over more than one syllable. The grammar of the Punjabi language is the study of the word order, case marking and other morphological structures. Punjabi language has homonyms. They are words that have the same spelling and pronunciation but with different meanings and usually different parts of speech. Punjabi nouns have an assigned gender and they can be either masculine or feminine though some nouns can be used for both the genders due to dialectical variations. The gender value is purely grammatical for inanimate objects. The assignment of gender to inanimate objects is arbitrary. The nouns also can be singular or plural. There are two cases – direct and oblique and this applies to almost all the nouns. A typical Punjabi noun can have on an average five to six different forms depending on the values of number and case. In Punjabi, there are six types of pronouns. They are personal, reflexive, demonstrative, indefinite, relative and interrogative. Punjabi adjectives can be classified into two categories – inflected and uninflected depending upon whether they change forms for number or case or not. Punjabi verbs change forms for gender, number, person, tense and phase. Like nouns, the verbs have two genders – masculine and feminine and two number forms that are singular and plural. The verbs also take forms for three person cases – first, second and third person categories. The verbs can be in perfect or non perfect forms. The verbs take form for future tense only and an auxiliary verb form is used for the present and the past tense. Postpositions are similar to the prepositions in English. They link the noun and the pronoun to other parts of the sentence. There are various particles that are used in the Punjabi sentences for emphasis and negation. There are four main types of particles – emphatic, negative, honorific and vocative. Punjabi phrases can be classified broadly into two types – nominal phrases and verb phrases. There are at least three ways in which emphasis can be represented in written Punjabi sentences. They are iteration of words, using emphatic particles or changing the phrase order. Punjabi in Modern Culture Punjabi language is now getting accepted among the Punjabis for wider use in modern media and communications network. This language has always remained as an integral part of the Indian film scene, particularly in Bollywood. There has been a trend of Bollywood songs written totally in Punjabi. The pop and folk songs in Punjabi have become very popular both in India and Pakistan at the national level. Many television dramas based on characters from Punjab are telecast every day by various channels. The numbers of students who are opting for Punjabi literature has increased in Punjab. Punjabi cinema in India has also seen a big revival and many Punjabi films are being made nowadays.

Airlines can now fly through Volcanic Ash Clouds


A new tool will now allow air planes to fly through volcanic ash clouds and tackle unnecessary disruptions. There is a group of scientists working at the Norwegian Institute of Air Research and they have informed that their latest tool will help to keep the flight paths open. It is called Airborne Volcanic Object Imaging Detector (AVOID). This tool was earlier tested and introduced in Sicily with a test flight over Mount Etna. It is an active volcano that looms over the Mediterranean island. This technology has been designed by a British scientist by the name of Dr. Fred Prata. The system uses heat detecting cameras and combines them with satellite data and atmospheric modelling to inform the pilots where an ash cloud is located and where it could be heading. This jet testing technology can make it feasible for pilots to identify an ash cloud ahead at altitudes of almost anywhere between 5000 and 50000 feet. AVOID uses two fast sampling thermal infra red cameras that make images and identify anything that is in front of the aeroplanes. The two cameras have been tuned to identify silicates which are the components that make up the volcanic ash. The cameras would be able to identify the silicates up to a hundred kilometres or maybe more even at a mean height of around thirty thousand feet and that information can be relayed straight back to the pilots in the cockpit and they will be able to see the volcanic ash in the atmosphere ahead of the aeroplane and manoeuvre around the cloud or patches of clouds.

Wednesday, November 29, 2017

Holistic Dieting and Top Ten Considerations about it


A holistic diet goes beyond what you eat. It transcends beyond the food on your table or the burning of calories through exercising. It concerns you as a total person and gives you a healthy lifestyle in a package. Its main aim is to nourish your body, arrest chronic health concerns and increase your levels of energy to create an overall sense of well being. World Health Organization has explained health to be “more than the absence of disease; Health is a state of optimal well being”. Amanda Landis, a practicing nutritionist and Principal of Pure Balance Plan LLC has talked about the important considerations of a holistic diet while writing for `Livestrong.com’ and spelt out the ten most important considerations about a holistic diet to understand its objectives. 1. Developing a healthy and balanced diet – One of the basic principles of a holistic diet is the need to balance the macronutrients like carbohydrates, proteins and fats. Neda Smith, the Co-Editor of Holistic Nutrition, talks about the foods that give us nourishment. She talks about how not all carbohydrates are bad and they need not be eliminated from your diet. 2. Maintaining an adequate diet – It is important to eat natural food in a holistic diet and to avoid processed foods. Natural foods include fish, whole grains, vegetables, meats, fresh juices, herbal teas and coffee substitutes. 3. Balancing your diet – You have to balance the macronutrients in your diet with the micronutrients like fiber, minerals and vitamins to help the body in optimizing energy so that it reaches high levels of physical and emotional health. 4. Eating moderately – It is better to eat moderately foods that have high sugar and fat content. 5. Digesting your food properly – It is important for you to digest your food to maintain good health. Cold beverages and cold foods do not help the cause as they are slow to digest. Also, you have to chew the food well before you swallow it. It may come as a surprise to you but foods that contain probiotics or friendly bacteria are strongly recommended as they contribute to your good digestion and your intestinal health. 6. Laying the foundation for good emotional health – Sandra Caton, Editor for the American Holistic Health Association, talks about how you can be consciously aware of your thoughts, behavior and feelings towards your family, friends and the people you interact with. 7. Building up respect for your environment – You can participate in the community and neighborhood projects of cleaning up and respecting the `Go Green’ philosophy. 8. Gathering information to make well informed wellness oriented choices – Making the right kind of food choices can help you to avoid health problems in the future such as hypertension, diabetes, obesity and cancer. 9. Participating actively in your health decisions and your healing process – This can be done through disciplining yourself to maintain a nutritional diet and following a regular exercise regime. 10. Integrating nourishment for your mental and spiritual health – This can be done through various modes of attaining mental peace and it can come through Yoga, simple meditation and recreation like reading or listening to music. Do you wake up with enough enthusiasm for the day that is ahead?

The Advantages of taking Copper Supplements


Copper is a mineral that our body needs. It plays a major role in fighting iron deficiency that leads to anaemia. Iron cannot be absorbed from the intestinal tract without the circulation of small amounts of copper in the body. People are not aware of the full health benefits of copper supplements and they do not take enough of this important nutrient. Copper supplements can give you benefit in several ways. The most important function of this mineral is in the production of energy and in the formation of haemoglobin. Throughout history, people involved in the business of healing have understood the importance of copper in staying healthy. Copper supplements have been used in the past for the treatment of diseases. Copper has been advised for medicinal purposes as far back as ancient Egypt, Greece and Rome. It was being used as an application to the body even by the ancient Aztec Civilization. Ancient Egyptian medical texts mention the use of copper as an agent of sterilization for drinking water and treating wounds. It has also been used for headaches, palsy and burns. Hippocrates, who is regarded as the father of modern medicine, has mentioned in his doctrines that copper is to be used as treatment for leg ulcers which are associated with varicose veins. Copper supplements make it easy for the body to use iron. Researchers have identified that copper makes a difference in the treatment of osteoporosis, high blood pressure and cancer. Studies have associated copper deficiencies with heart ailments by means of bad cholesterol levels, leading to hypertension. Other signs of copper deficiency include anaemia, baldness and skin sores. It is to be remembered that copper can be toxic if you take it in excess. Excessive copper intake can give side effects like nausea, vomiting and joint pains. The National Academy of Sciences has set a maximum allowance level of three milligrams per day for adults and two and a half milligrams per day for children. Most of the multi vitamins include copper as a supplement. Oral copper supplements can be found in gels and solutions. Copper supplements are an important part of a nutritional program for the healing of wounds. Many medical researchers believe that infusion of copper into wound dressings will help in healing faster and the regeneration of skin cells. Copper supplementation has also been found crucial in the treatment of arthritis. It has been established that copper supplements are important to the health of our nerves as these supplements are required to build and maintain myelin which is like an insulation that protects and covers our nerve cells. Our body requires copper supplements to help an enzyme which is essential for the production of the connective tissue proteins such as collagen and elastin. Copper works with Vitamin C and zinc to form elastin. Copper supplements are also needed for the development and maintenance of our bones and skin including our blood vessels and joints. Copper is also instrumental in the healing process related with melanin which is the pigment connected with our hair color and skin.

Oriya


Oriya is an official language of the state of Orissa in India. It is spoken by over thirty five million people all over the world. It is a member of the Indo-Aryan language family and its history can be traced from the days of the Kalingas. Oriya is derived from Magadhi Prakrit and Pali that was spoken across cultures from eastern regions of India over a thousand and five hundred years ago. Though Oriya has a strong resemblance to Bangla and Ahomiya from Assam, it is not influenced by Arabic and Persian despite Orissa’s long rule by the Moghals. Oriya is regarded to be the modified form of Odri Prakrit which is derived from the Bibhashas. Modern Oriya vocabulary is made up of Sanskrit, Hindustani and traces of Adivasi origin. Outside Orissa, there are people speaking Oriya in other regions like the Midnapore district of West Bengal, the Singhbhum district of Jharkhand, the Srikakulam, Vizianagaram and Vishakhapatnam districts of Andhra Pradesh and the eastern districts of the Chattisgarh state. History The history of Oriya has been categorised into five main stages – Old Oriya, Early Middle Oriya, Middle Oriya, Late Middle Oriya and Modern Oriya. Old Oriya – The period between the tenth and the fourteenth centuries – The origin of literature can be traced to `Bauddha Gano O Doha’ written by the Buddhist Siddhas of Orissa. The earliest traces can be found on the inscriptions in temples and copper plates. Early Middle Oriya – The period between the fourteenth and the sixteenth centuries – Earliest use of prose can be found in `Madala Panji’ or the `Palm Leaf’ Chronicles of the Jagnnatha Temple at Puri which dates back to the fourteenth century. Middle Oriya – The period between the sixteenth and the eighteenth centuries – Five poets emerged as the `Panchashakha’. They were Balaram Das, Jagannath Das, Achyutamanda Das, Ananta Das and Josobanta Das. Late Middle Oriya – The period between the eighteenth and the nineteenth centuries – A new form of novels in verse form came about in the beginning of the eighteenth century when Ramachandra Pattanayaka wrote `Haravali’. Modern Oriya – The period from the nineteenth century till the present day – In the modern period, the first Oriya printing typeset was cast in 1836 by the Christian missionaries who made a great contribution to the language. Though the handwritten Oriya script resembled Bengali and Assamese scripts, the printed typeset adoption leant more towards Tamil and Telugu scripts. Amos Sutton wrote the Bible in Oriya in 1840, compiled an Oriya dictionary in 1841 and wrote `An Introductory Grammar of Oriya’ in 1844. The possible origin of the Oriya language can be found in the script with which the edicts of Ashoka were written about two thousand and two hundred years ago at Dhauli and Jaugada and the inscriptions of Kharavela in Hati Gumpha of Khandagiri. The Hati Gumpha inscriptions that are written in Pali language were perhaps the only evidence of stone engravings. This may be the reason why the German linguist and Professor Hermann Oldenberg mentioned that Pali was the original language of Orissa. Literature Oriya literature has had a varied history through the ages and was comprised mainly of poems and prose depicting religion with the stories of gods and goddesses as main themes until the early sixteenth century. The first great poet in the history of Oriya literature is Sarala Das who is also referred to as the Vyasa of Orissa. His best known works are the `Chandi Purana’ and the `Vilanka Ramayana’ written in praise of the Goddess Durga. Arjuna Dasa’s `Rama Bibha’ is considered as the first epic poem in the history of Oriya literature. In the fifteenth century, the writings of Shri Chaitanya evolved a new form in the Sanskrit style with religious themes. The Panchashakha or the great five poets were the main exponents of religious works in Oriya. Other prominent works are the `Ushabhilasha’ by Sisu Sankara Dasa and `Rukmini Bibha’ by Kartikka Dasa. A new form of verse based novel writing developed during the early seventeenth century after Ramachandra Pattanayaka wrote `Haravali’. Poets like Madhusudhana and Sisu Isvara Dasa used simple Oriya to write epic poems based on themes from the Puranas called `Kavyas’. Oriya literature was influenced by the use of verbal wordplay around the turn of the eighteenth century. Upendra Bhanja was a good exponent of verbal wordplay in this period. The tradition was kept alive till the middle of the nineteenth century by poets like Arakshita Dasa and Bhima Bhoi. Another prominent use was that of family chronicles in prose relating to religious festivals and rituals. Major changes came about in the modern period of Oriya literature, mainly in its style. Great poets and writers of the modern era were Rai Bahadur Radhanatha Ray and Fakira Mohana Senapati who is recognised as the father of modern Oriya literature. Their writings introduced a new spirit into Oriya literature and gave it a modern outlook. Modern drama got a good boost with the writing of `Kanchi-Kaveri’ in 1880 by the great playwright Rama Sankara Ray. This spirit was carried further on by modern writers like Nanda Kishore Bal and Gopabandhu Dasa. The novel form in Oriya literature became strong with the works of many great Oriya writers like Umesha Sarakara and Kalindi Charana Panigrahi. Modern style of poetry began with the poet Sachi Kanta Rauta Ray. Other modern poets are Godavarisa Mahapatra and Kunjabihari Dasa. Some writers also made significant contributions by the translation of several classics from Western literature. Prabhasa Chandra Dwivedi was the main facilitator in this process of the reorientation through adaptations. Oriya literature developed further with critiques, essays and treatises. Notable essayists were Girija Shankar Ray and Hare Krushna Mahatab. Dialects Midnapori Oriya is spoken in the Midnapore district of West Bengal. Singhbhumi Oriya is spoken in the East Singhbhum district of Jharkhand. Baleswari Oriya is spoken in the Baleswar district of Orissa. Ganjami Oriya is spoken in the Ganjam district of Orissa and the Srikakulam District of Andhra Pradesh. Desiya Oriya is spoken in the Rayagada district of Orissa and in the hilly regions of the Vizianagaram and Vishakhapatnam districts of Andhra Pradesh. Sambalpuri Oriya is spoken in the Bargarh district of Orissa and by some people in the Raigarh district of Chattisgarh state. Bhatri Oriya is spoken in the south western Orissa and south eastern Chattisgarh. Grammar and Script The modern Oriya script is a development of the Kalinga script. This script actually descended from the Brahmi script. The earliest inscription in the Kalinga script dates from the eleventh century. A notable feature of the Oriya script is the curved calligraphy of the alphabets of those times. This kind of appearance is a result of the age long tradition of writing manuscripts on palm leaves. These leaves have a tendency to tear if too many straight lines are marked on the surface. The writing was done with an iron stylus. Oriya has syllabic alphabets where all the consonants have a distinct vowel embedded within. Diacritics appear above, below, before or after the consonant they belong to. Diacritics change the form of the vowel. When the diacritics appear at the beginning of a syllable, vowels are written as independent letters. When some consonants come about together, special conjunct symbols are used in combination with the essential parts of each letter. Oriya has twenty eight consonant phonemes and six vowel phonemes. Unlike Hindi, Oriya keeps most of the cases of Sanskrit. The nominative and the vocative verbs merge with the accusative and dative. The genders are masculine, feminine and neuter. The grammatical numbers are both singular and plural. The tense covers present, past and future. The Unicode range for Oriya is U+0B00-U+B7F. The Oriya script which is also known as Utkala Lipi can be used for several other Indian languages like Sanskrit and Hindi. Oriya and the Spread of Journalism The first Oriya newspaper to be printed was the weekly `Utkal Dipika’ by Gouri Shankar Ray in 1865. This weekly was a result of the surge in nationalism during the late nineteenth century. This paper played an important role in the socio-political life of Orissa. In the early part of the twentieth century, the Swadeshi movement had gained some momentum and it had a considerable impact on Orissa’s social life. This period was also marked by the spread of journalism in different parts of Orissa. The first Oriya daily newspaper `Dainik Asha’ was published from Berhampur in 1928 by Sashibhushan Rath. This was a turning point in the history of Oriya journalism. It set an example of the power of the press in uniting Oriya people for a cause. In this particular case, it was first the unification of the bordering and outlying Oriya areas under one administration and secondly, it was a great help to the freedom movement. Oriya is a relatively young language in comparison to some other Indian languages. Efforts are being made currently to go ahead with the digitisation of the Oriya language and such attempts will make sure that this unique language will continue to retain its distinct place in the culture and history of modern India.

Experience the Natural Beauty of Vietnam by Train Travel


Those people who are interested to explore Vietnam’s natural beauty and cultural wealth can plan one of their best vacations to connect on a spectacular travel adventure of their lifetime. The journey is incomplete without travelling by train. The classic Vietnam train tour is offered with the great rail journey from Hanoi to Sapa and the magnificent northern parts of Vietnam. Asian Travel and Tours, who are based in Hanoi, will take care of all your Vietnam train bookings and provide you with Vietnam train schedule and Vietnam train timetable. They do this through Vietnam National Railways who have done a lot for the advancement of the rail transportation system in Vietnam. The facilities that are being provided for people preferring to travel by Vietnam train are pre-processed and pre-packaged supply of food to the passengers along with refined mineral water bottles. Other facilities that are being provided are ticket covers, trolleys and plastic cups. There are no better professional tour operators than Asian Travel and Tours who can confirm your Vietnam train tickets easily. The tickets are available at a promotional price being offered by from Hanoi to all other Trans Vietnam cities. Vietnam train is a great option for all travelers to see the countryside of Vietnam by travelling comfortably. You are offered trips on new trains that are equipped with modern air-conditioned cars and berths for comfortable overnight journey. Some trains even have coupes. Vietnam train tickets include government tax and transportation insurance. In addition to the Vietnam train bookings, you can book special promotion tours to reach various tourist destinations in Vietnam through Asian Travel and Tours who are the specialists in train travel all over Vietnam. Vietnam is a land of rich and natural beauty. You will get a good opportunity to experience the picturesque scenery of the whole country if you travel by Vietnam train. Travelling by train is a very affordable way in Vietnam. It will cost you much less than flying or renting a car or going by bus. It is safe and comfortable. You have to be aware of the Vietnam train schedule and the Vietnam train time table to plan your journeys. The major route is between Hanoi and Saigon with stops along the journey at Hue, Nha Trang and Da Nang. For long distance travel, it is advisable for you to use Vietnam train bookings in air conditioned sleeper trains. Soft seats are fine for short distance only. If you are not pressured with time and you are not travelling overnight, then the soft seat is ideal. With air conditioned coaches, you cannot take photographs of the scenery outside. If you would like to record your journey by the Vietnam train, you have to book Vietnam train tickets in non-air conditioned trains. Hard sleepers and hard seats have to be avoided altogether as they are usually crowded and uncomfortable. The best time of the year to travel by train is in the autumn season. The weather is cool between August and March.

Wednesday, November 22, 2017

Five Things you may not know about Fat and Dieting


You may be one of the few millions in the world who have resolved at the beginning of the year to lose weight. It is possible that this resolution may not have gone out of the window by now. There will be ideas that you may have on how to lose weight but there is a strong possibility that you do not know the five most important things on dieting and shedding fat. These five important facts can be learnt from Shawn Talbott. He is a nutritional biochemist and author of the `secret of vigor: how to overcome burnout, restore biochemical balance and reclaim your natural energy?’ These facts have been neatly compiled by Elizabeth Goodman Altis who is the Editor of the fitness magazine `Shape’: 1. Fat comes in different colors – Fats have different hues and functions. They are brown, white and beige. The brown fat is dark in color due to the blood supply being rich. This can burn calories instead of storing them. The white fat is pale. It has a low rate of metabolism and it does not help you burn the calories as a muscle does. More than ninety per cent of the fat in your body is white. It is a storing unit for extra calories. The beige is slightly dull in color in terms of its calorie burning ability. Some hormones that are triggered by exercise can convert white fat cells into beige ones and the same can be done by food like hot peppers, brown seaweed and licorice root. 2. The fat on your butt is healthier than the fat on your belly – The visceral fat or the belly fat is responsive to cortisol which is the stress hormone as against the fat on your butt and thighs. When stress is hard on you, the extra calories taken in during this phase are likely to settle around your belly. So, to get the belly fat reduced, you have to learn to cope with stress first. 3. First you burn calories, second you burn fat – The more calories you burn during exercise, the bigger deficit you will generate and will end up losing more fat. Calorie deficit can also be created by reducing your diet intake. 4. Fat affects your mood – When you weigh yourself and see the scale showing higher than before, it may ruin your day. What is making you depressed and irritable is the inflammation of the cortisol cycle that is triggered by the fat around your belly. To break this effect, Talbott suggests that “healthy flavonoids help calm inflammation that leads to more stress.” 5. Even skinny people can have cellulite – The fat that is trapped under the skin brings about cellulite. This is the subcutaneous fat. The dimples are generated by the connective tissues that bind the skin to the muscle underneath and the fat layer is trapped in between. You don’t need to be fat or obese for this to happen. To reduce the cellulite appearance, you can build muscle when you are losing fat.

Classification of Beta Lactam Antibiotics and Mechanism of Action of Benzyl Penicillin


β-lactam antibiotics (beta-lactam antibiotics) are a broad category of antibiotics. They contain all the antibiotic agents which have a β-lactam ring in their molecular structures. For example, all penicillin derivatives like penams and cephalosporins, carbapenems and monobactams. β-lactam antibiotics work by inhibiting the cell wall biosynthesis in the bacterial organism and are the most widely used group of antibiotics. Bacteria often develop resistance to β-lactam antibiotics by synthesizing a β-lactamase, an enzyme that attacks the β-lactam ring. To overcome this resistance, β-lactam antibiotics are often given with β-lactamase inhibitors such as clavulanic acid. Classification and Sub-Types of Beta-Lactam Antibiotics 1. Penams - 1.1.1 β-Lactamase-sensitive 1.1.2 β-Lactamase-resistant 1.3.1 Carboxypenicillins 1.3.2 Ureidopenicillins 2. Cephems - 2.2.1 With anti-Haemophilus activity 2.2.2 With anti-anaerobic activity 3. Carbapenems 4. Monobactams 5. β-Lactamase inhibitors Mechanism of Action of Benzyl Penicillin Benzyl penicillin is also known as Penicillin G. It is given typically by injection parenterally as it bypasses the intestines for the simple reason that it is unstable in the acidic stomach. 6- aminopenicillanic acid Penicilloic acid Route of elimination - Penicillin G is eliminated by the kidneys. Non-renal clearance includes hepatic metabolism and biliary excretion. Impact Ratio - Normal renal function is around 10 minutes. Clearance is 560 ml/ minute. Toxicity - Oral LD50 is 8900 mk/kg. Organisms that are affected by it - Enteric bacteria and other eubacteria Therapeutic Uses Benzyl Penicillin is given therapeutically for:- • Cellulitis • Infective Endocarditis • Meningitis • Aspiration pneumonia • Lung abscess • Community-acquired pneumonia • Syphilis • Septicemia in children • Septic Arthritis • Gangrene • Diphtheria As far as the antimicrobial potency of benzyl penicillin is concerned, it is effective against all gram-positive organisms – for example, Neisseria Gonorrhea. Adverse Effects of Benzyl Penicillin Common adverse reactions for benzyl penicillin and β-lactam antibiotics include diarrhea, nausea, rash, urticaria and candidiasis. Frequent ADRs include fever, vomiting, dermatitis and angio-edema. Pain and inflammation at the injection site is also common for parenterally administered β-lactam antibiotics.

Good Music not only heals the body but the soul too


Many music therapists have told that a Mozart symphony a day will keep the doctor away as the apples have lost their touch. Listening to Bach, Haydn or Mozart can help you to improve your mental abilities. It has already been proved that this kind of music not only helps cows give you more milk but also provides physical relief to patients who are suffering from numerous ailments. Neurologists have reported that music not only helps in soothing the soul but it also helps in providing relief to specific physical and mental symptoms in your body. Music therapy has been a part of the healing cultures for many centuries now. The Greek father of medicine, Hippocrates, played music in order to help heal his patients faster. It was only few decades ago that medical institutions started harnessing the skills of musicians and took them around to hospitals where the wounded and ailing people were helped to come out of their physical and emotional trauma. Almost all universities in the Western World have music therapy departments. The university patients who are under the assessment of neurologists and psychologists are provided specific pieces of music which is loaded on to iPods or any other music storage device. A scientific study that made many people sit up and take notice was when Dr. Frances Rauscher at the University of Wisconsin found that subjects showed considerably better spatial and temporal reasoning skills after they were made to hear the A Major Adagio from Mozart’s Clarinet Concerto. This study was done about two decades ago and was published in the `Nature’ Journal. This was popularly labelled as the Mozart Effect and it is being used in various non-musical applications ranging from classrooms to healing clinics. Spatial reasoning is a crucial area which is helpful for thought processing and thinking. It is the skill that people use when they are confronted by the complexity of the tasks they face in a selected time period. To cite an example, if you are told to fold a piece of paper into the shape of a boat in a limited amount of time, you will use spatial reasoning to move forward and will have to take a decision on whether you will begin by folding the left corner to start with or the corner to the right. How does good classical and spiritual music have an influential effect in the realm of spatial reasoning? It happens because of the progression of notes into a melody that can soothe and boost the nerves at the same time. A solo clarinet will not have the desired effect as much as an ensemble would be able to do. Music and organized music does have an effect on the organizational architecture of the cerebral cortex of the brain. Dr. A.K. Sharma is trying to bring music therapy into India. He advises patients suffering with migraine to listen to the second movement of Chopin’s Second Piano Concerto. He realised that the patients became calmer after listening to the music and it helped alleviate their pain. Listening to classical music transforms your life. Your psychological horizons tend to expand and you start to like finer things in life. It helps to bring your stress levels down and also helps in controlling your pulse and heartbeat. It has also been proved that listening to classical music has increased the level of melatonin and, at the same time, reduces the levels of adrenaline and hypertension. In cases where there were problems in the normal growth of a fetus inside a womb, exposure to classical music helped show an improvement. When pregnant mothers listen to classical music, their babies inside tend to gain weight. This has been published in the `Science’ Journal. Classical music has had a positive effect on epileptic patients. The number of convulsions and their severity were reduced as indicated by Dr. John Jenkins from the University of London in 2001. People tend to listen to vulgar, chaotic and fast music which has continuous elementary beat to it. This music will increase the stress and tension in your life despite being hummable. It is music for entertainment of the body or for the shaking of legs and hips but it is definitely not for the nurturing of your soul.

Getting Rid of Clogged Drains


If you are experiencing clogged drains quite frequently in your house, you can usually fix it temporarily with Alka Seltzer tablets and white vinegar. Take two Alka Seltzer tablets, place them into the clogged drain and then pour one cup of vinegar down the drain. After about fifteen minutes, you can pour boiling hot water over it. Your drain should be considerably free of clog after that. This is not a permanent cure. We are always there to get rid of clogged drains in your house for you. We may need to clean the traps, vents and the piping pitches. Should you note that your toilet, bath, shower, bathroom sink and the kitchen drain are all clogged; then, it is possible that the main drain is blocked. Most of the clogs pile up around the stopper in your kitchen sink, the bathroom sink and bathtubs. You can try removing the strainer and cleaning it. Usually, hair will clog around the strainers. You can do this on a regular basis. Another good tool for clogged drains is the plunger. If the blockage is not too far into the main drain, a plunger can do the job. If the blockage is far, then don’t mess with it. Call us. Before using the plunger, it is effective to block any overflow holes by stuffing wet rags into them. These holes are mostly located opposite the faucets. If there is not much standing water in the basin, run some water to collect for two to three inches over the drain hole. This water will aid in forcing the obstruction out of the drain.

The Mandatory Brake Override System


The brake override system which is proposed by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration is a good safety tool. Many people panic while driving if they have to stop the car in a hurry. 99.9% are comfortable to stop their car instantly when they become fluent behind the wheel but 0.1% probably requires this brake override system. Common sense may guide us to press the brake pedal if we have to stop the car instantly. But there are slim chances that our reflexes may be slow at the moment of demand or we may push the wrong pedals in panic. It is recommended that these override systems be implemented. The vehicles today are already quite complex; so, with a little addition of complexity, it is not going to tax your car further. Most of the new cars are already using drive-by-wire systems which involve a software change that instructs the car’s system to cut the throttle and let the car stop should both the pedals be held down in confusion. Mostly, the pedal sensors and the basic electronics are already doing this job. This software technology was brought out by Bayerischen Motor Werke (BMW) for their performance driving. It was first used in the BMW 750 series in the nineteen eighties as a performance enhancement tool for the heel-and-toe race style of driving in which the driver used the heel and toe of one foot to control two pedals at the same time such as the clutch and the brake. This brake override system is bound to save many lives. If it is set up properly, it will allow for brake and throttle applications like starting on a hill and in off-road use. It is not going to hinder the driving experience in any way. For people who are irritated at this system being made mandatory by the NHTSA, the manufacturers can cater to the whims of such people by introducing an on/off switch.

Saturday, October 28, 2017

Franz Kafka Metamorphosis A Review


Franz Kafka was a Czech writer and one of the most influential exponent of Existentialist works. Helmut Richter was an expert essayist on literature from the Existentialism Period and he was a Marxist. Richter was astounded by the mechanics of Kafka’s writings and the way he used his words. Richter describes the work as the protagonist’s failure at what he was doing, leading to his death. The climax of the work is hinted at, quite early in the book. When Gregor wakes up one morning, he realises that he has turned into a giant cockroach. Gregor had been working as a salesman and his job demanded much determination to succeed. Kafka proves that Gregor failed in his duty as a salesman, particularly by getting transformed into a giant vermin – suggesting a strong work force. This metaphor stresses on the mediocre work that Gregor was putting in as a salesman. Richter argues that Kafka has reflected part of his personal life in the `Metamorphosis’. It can be considered as a semi-autobiographical work. The parents of Kafka were similar to that of Gregor. He was raised up in a wealthy family and his father was quite an overbearing man. Kafka’s mother was a pleasant woman, similar to that of Gregor. Another striking resemblance of the families is that of the sister. Like Gregor’s sister, Kafka’s sister was the only one in the family who was supportive of him. Richter admired the self-depiction which was included in this work. The ‘Metamorphosis’ is one of the most regularly analysed works in literature. It documents the transformation of Gregor Samsa from a man into an enormous cockroach. The work is known to inspire various exclusive interpretations. It is considered as one of the central riddles of modern literary imagination. Kafka is praised for his symbolic portrayal of alienation that he achieves through the literalised metaphor of man as an insect. In the synopsis, Gregor is initially shocked by noticing the change in his body form but settles down to start worrying about missing his train to work, lamenting in the background the ennui and the boredom created by his job and at the place of work, which he considered necessary to pay off the debts accumulated by his parents. To do a thematic analysis of the `Metamorphosis’, we need to focus on the symbolic and the psychoanalytic side or the allegorical nature of the story. The theme of alienation from humanity has to be viewed as the central theme of the story and interprets Gregor’s transformation as something of a fulfillment of a wish or as an extended metaphor. There is a deep resentment on Gregor’s part in connection with supporting his family. Gregor turns into a parasite with the desire to be nurtured by his parents in return. This takes place in an entomological sense. Gregor’s transformation is an extended metaphor which is carried from an abstract concept into concrete reality as he is trapped in a meaningless job while being isolated from real people around him. Gregor starts to imagine himself as a vermin at some point of time in his life and finally becomes one, physically. Kafka died at a young age of forty one due to tuberculosis. He could not digest the food he was eating and could not even swallow water down his throat. There is sustained realism in his work that contrasts with the fantastic occurrence of his transformation into an insect. The problematic features of this great work continue to challenge the readers even today. A single reading of this work by Kafka will not give you a total understanding and each return to the book will encourage the study of the deep meaning hidden in it. It is an existential account of the predicament of modern man. Kafka is seen as a Jewish mystic who is drawing on the Kabbalah traditions to create texts whose meaning is revealed only to those who are initiated. `Metamorphosis’ is considered by Richter as a modern kind of reworking of the `Pilgrim’s Progress’ of John Bunyan, with the characters embarking on a spiritual journey through a secular world. To understand the work, we have to understand Kafka first. He led an alienated life as an outsider in the Jewish community. He perceived human beings as being trapped by authority in a hopeless world. He was frustrated by the drudgery of supporting his family. He had to work in a meaningless bureaucratic job and this reflected in two other masterpieces of his – The Castle and The Trial. He hated being a pencil pusher. In his character build up of Gregor Samsa, he represents a specific type of behaviour and that is the fear of being alive with all the rewards and risks involved, while embracing an authentic code of behavior which finally has to accept, even after transformation, all the vicissitudes that life offers.

Tuesday, October 24, 2017

Unidentified Flying Objects seen around the Sun that come right out of Star Trek Episodes as Galactic Obliteration Devices


Images captured through a National Aeronautical and Space Administration (NASA) and SOHO iPad application have revealed unidentified flying objects, akin to Star Trek `Borg Cubes’ episodes, coming out of the surface of the sun. This phenomenon has been sighted twice, a few days ago as per http://www.ufosightingsdaily.com/2013/04/giant-ufo-seen-coming-though-suns.html. The first sighting was at 1300 hours on 29th April 2013 and the second sighting was done at 0106 hours on 30th April 2013. SOHO is the official Nascom site that gives information on the mission being carried out on the space-born solar observatory. Attention could be drawn to www.thesunproject.net which had reported similar sighting as mentioned in the `UFO Sightings Daily’ site on 14th November 2012, just a week before the Mayan apocalypse day for the world. When we look at these shots here, http://www.agoracosmopolitan.com/news/headline_news/2012/11/23/4929.html, we wonder whether these UFOs are trying to send across any message as galactic devices. These cubes are going round the sun and they could even head toward planet Earth. On deeper probing, it has been ascertained that these shots are not the effect of pixilation but instead, they are images of real spacecraft type bodies of mammoth proportions that are surviving the heat emitting from the sun. These images bring to mind the combined beliefs of the Luciferian Liberation Front (LLF) and the Pagan Gnostics that GOD is going round the sun in the shape of a gigantic cube. GOD stands for Galactic Obliteration Devices here. In fact, Luciferian Liberation Front has sent its interpretation of the Bible in its report to `UFO Sightings Daily’ a couple of years ago, mentioning this galactic obliteration device. This is a fascinating interpretation of the Book of Revelations from the Bible, Chapter 22, when it describes the New Jerusalem as the `City of God’ in the shape of a giant cube that comes down from the heavens. The Luciferian Liberation Front (LLF) have taken these references and tries to explain heaven as a gigantic source of psychic energy that emits from all souls gathered there to turn Earth into hell with the eventual annihilation of the human race. The LLF goes further in pointing out that the Book of Revelations goes to describe the descent of `New Jerusalem’ that would coincide with `a new heaven and a new earth’ and `no more sea’. The Pagan Gnostics also believed that organized religion is a spurious version of spirituality with a humanized shape of regressive aliens or a man who is artificial. These giant cubes seen around the sun have sides roughly about one thousand five hundred miles across them and the images have revealed that there is not one cube but many cuboids going round the sun. Is there any link to the appearance of these cubes reminding us of the Mayan Pyramids and the ending of the Mayan Calendar? Scott Waring, the founder of the site, `UFO Sightings Daily’ feels that these cubes are circling round the sun to harvest energy. A point to ponder!

Etiopathogenesis of Diabetes Mellitus


What are the complications? The basic phenomenon in diabetes mellitus is the destruction of the beta cell mass that leads to deficiency of insulin. There are three linked mechanisms in the Etiopathogenesis of diabetes mellitus. The first is genetic susceptibility; second is auto immune factors and the third is environmental factors. In genetic susceptibility, it has been observed in identical twins that if one twin has DM, there is more than half a chance of the second twin developing it. Studies on both animals and humans have shown various immunologic abnormalities as far as auto immune factors are concerned. There is presence of islet cell antibodies against glutamic acid decarboxylase and insulin. There is occurrence of lymphocytic infiltrate around the pancreatic islets and this is known as insulitis. Environmental factors include some viral infections that precede the onset of the disease like mumps and measles. Early exposure to bovine milk proteins leads to auto immune processes and chances of DM setting in. Obesity and hypertension and lack of physical activity play an important role in modulating the disease. Complications of Diabetes Mellitus The complications are less severe in people who have blood sugar levels that have been well controlled with medication. Wider health problems start creeping in with deleterious effects of diabetes including smoking, elevated cholesterol levels, obesity, hypertension and lack of regular exercise. Mechanisms of Chronic Complications Chronic elevation of blood glucose levels leads to damage of blood vessels and this is known as angiopathy. The endothelial cells that line the blood vessels take in more glucose than normal as they do not depend on insulin. They form more surface glycoproteins than normal and cause the basement membrane to grow thicker and weaker. These are related microvascular diseases when there is damage to the smaller blood vessels and macrovascular diseases when there is damage to the arteries. It has been recorded that forty per cent of all people suffering with diabetes mellitus develop neuropathy even after controlling their blood sugar levels. Auto immune relations destroy the beta cells of the pancreas and they may also cause retinopathy and nephropathy. Genetics also play a role in causing complications. Severe type of chronic complications may lead to diabetic cardiomyopathy, causing damage to the heart muscle. This leads to impaired relaxation and filling of the heart with blood. This is known as diastolic dysfunction. This is the eventual reason for heart failure. Diabetic nephropathy damages the kidney and leads to chronic renal failure. Diabetes mellitus is a common cause of kidney failure in adults in the developed world. Diabetic retinopathy results in growth of poor quality blood vessels in the retina and there is a mascular edema or a swelling of the macula, leading to loss of vision or blindness. Another complication is the diabetic foot which results out of a combination of sensory neuropathy and vascular damage. It also increases risk of skin ulcers and infection, leading in extreme case to necrosis and gangrene. This is the reason why diabetics are prone to more leg and feet infections and why it takes very long for them to heal from such wounds. Restrictive lung effect is known to be linked with diabetes mellitus. It could result from chronic low grade inflammation of tissue and micro-angiopathy.

Existentialism and the Role of Jean Paul Sartre


Existentialism is a movement in literature that tries to describe the intent of the writers to make decisions which are rational despite being present in a universe which is irrational. The forerunners in the concepts of Existentialism were Kierkegaard, Dostoevsky and Nietzsche. Existentialism sprang from the radical ideas of these two individuals. It was Jean Paul Sartre who declared Existentialism and he was influenced by Marxist ideologies. His interests were more inclined towards politics than on philosophical theories. Camus and Samuel Beckett diverted themselves to the Theatre of the Absurd. They felt that Existentialism was more methodological than being philosophical. Albert Camus called Existentialism a `philosophical suicide’ when pondering on the subject of life: “I call the existential attitude philosophical suicide. How else to start from the world’s lack of meaning and end up by finding a meaning and a depth to it?” - Albert Camus as paraphrased; Introducing Existentialism; Appignanesi, p. 36. What is Existentialism? It is an intellectual movement that found its expression in literature, philosophy, politics and religion just after the Second World War. It is a response to times of anxiety; a period in which collectivism and war weakened the conventional beliefs of people in progress and made them doubt the general theories of truth and goodness. This movement was an attempt to find new platforms of truth and values for people - "a lonely anguished being in an ambiguous world." The most popular and influential exponent of existentialism is Jean-Paul Sartre (1905-1980), a French philosopher, novelist, playwright, and political activist. Sartre and Existentialism Sartre’s approach was with a secular orientation. He took an atheist stand and rejected the belief in God or the supernatural power. The concepts stayed centred on the human situation. He rejected the abstract and the rationalistic views of the world that defined the human essence. He spent much time in the deduction of the purpose and values of human existence. He felt that existence was more important than essence. He said that the human conditions, a collection of actions and experience, defined human nature. We are what we make of ourselves. Humans, on an individual basis, are the creators of all values and whatever meaning it gives to life. Humans have to act and then exercise their choice. Individuals can be totally free by acting alone in the face of the forces of evil, death and despair. For Sartre, freedom was the greatest good. It was not a negative release. Sartre proposed a courageous and irrational affirmation of responsible truth against meaninglessness and death. He fought during the Second World War with the French resistance and was even taken prisoner by the Germans. When he was released, he wrote, `Being and Nothingness’ in 1943. This was his major philosophical work. He expounded the Existentialist concepts in several plays. The best known play is `No Exit’ of 1945. In 1964, he declined to accept the Nobel Prize for Literature for the political implications of that award. He always remained a critical supporter of the communist causes post Second World War. In 1945, he also founded the literary and the political Quarterly known as `les Temps Modernes’ (The Modern Times). In this Quarterly, he continuously derided those writers who believed in pure literary art and his primary attack was on Marcel Proust whom he called an accomplice of bourgeois propaganda’. He dismissed Gustave Flaubert as a `talented coupon clipper’. He did not like their art for art’s sake theories. He argued in favour of literature `for engagement’. His thoughts ruffled many a feather in the French literary scene. He was not well known with the English speaking audiences.

Wednesday, July 12, 2017

Healing Secrets of Lemon that you did not know about


Lemon belongs to the family of citrus fruits. It has been in use for more than twenty five centuries. The lemon tree is native to South East Asia and it has its origins in India. In addition to being consumed as a fruit, it was also used for medicinal purposes to treat various infections or as an antidote to poison. The Roman Emperor, Nero, used to consume generous quantities of lemon as immunity against possibly being poisoned by his numerous enemies. Besides boosting immunity, lemon has been recommended down the ages for digestive tract treatment, urinary tract infections, anxiety, insomnia, acne and dementia. The fruit contains Vitamin C, calcium, magnesium, potassium, limonene, citric acids and bioflavonoid. In the eighteenth century, the Royal Navy had successfully used lemons to fight scurvy which resulted out of a deficiency of Vitamin C. The benefits that can be derived from lemon are countless. The world is not fully aware of the healing secrets of the fruit. The Healing Properties of Lemon • Antiseptic - Lemon acts as a natural antiseptic for the skin. It can prevent acne and heal the scars that result out of acne. A cotton ball soaked in lemon juice could be applied on the infected area on the face. The burning sensation actually is the beginning of the acne healing process. Lemon has also cured people of eczema. It immediately reduces the scratching urge. It is used widely as a remedy for revitalizing the skin cells. • Anti-Oxidant – It helps fight cancer cells, helps wounds to heal faster and can even help to treat heart ailments. People with heart ailments can be treated with lemon juice for its high potassium content. Lemons are a blood purifier and help the body to remove toxins. The acidity of raw lemon juice lowers the impact of any meal on your blood sugar. Lemon can also be used to fight against hypertension, in combination with garlic and onions. • Astringent - It can help control the gums from bleeding because of its astringent properties. • Alkaline – It alkaline properties help in the fight against cancer and various other illnesses. Although acidic to taste, lemons help to push our bodies to the required pH alkaline state of around 7.4. These properties help against excessive acid in the body that leads to rheumatism. A few glasses of diluted lemon juice are a good remedy for rheumatic fever, painful joints, lumbago and sciatica. Lemon juice is rich in Vitamin C and helps the body to absorb calcium and fight osteoporosis. Two tablespoons of raw lemon juice diluted in a glass of warm water is good for pregnant women as it helps build the bones in the child developing in the womb. • Detoxification – Raw lemon juice cleanses the kidneys and the digestive system. It helps the body in the removal of toxins. It even helps in removing excess radiation from the body. If you have gone through chemotherapy sessions, lemon juice taken regularly can help rid the body of any remaining radiation. Lemon also helps eat away plaque from veins and arteries and is antioxidant to help stop cancer cell growth. • Cures Asthma – A half teaspoon of lemon juice with lukewarm water taken before a meal provides quick relief to asthma. Starting the day with it on empty stomach and repeating it as the last dose in a day gives positive results. A glass of lemon juice diluted with some water also helps cure travel sickness and nausea. • Anti-bacterial - It can heal sore throats and severe colds because of its anti-bacterial properties. Lemon has always been used to treat chills and fevers. Lemon squeezed in a cup of water with honey has given strength to people suffering from fever and chills. These properties can also help in the healing of cankers. Fresh lemon could be squeezed into a glass of lukewarm water to rinse your mouth. Doing this frequently during a day helps in the healing of cankers. • Anti-obesity - It can help you to lose weight if you take a few drops of lemon with honey in lukewarm water, first thing in the morning. The pectin in lemon peel is a great source of fiber that helps people in losing weight. • Vessel Strengthening - People who suffer with spider or varicose veins can use lemon for its vessel strengthening properties. Few drops of lemon oil with avocado oil or almond oil can be used to massage the affected areas. Few drops of lemon oil to a warm bath can be good enough to rejuvenate your veins. • Fights Bad Breath - Lemon has been used to fight bad breath People who like to eat spicy food or smoke too many cigarettes can rinse their mouth several times a day with a glass of lukewarm water and a freshly squeezed lemon in it. It will also help them with salivation and prevent bad breath. • Soothes the Nervous System - Lemon has a soothing effect on the nervous system; it can help fight dizzy spells, anxiety, nervousness, exhaustion, and tension. Research has indicated that that inhalation of lemon oil can result in better concentration. • Strengthen Hair - The external use of raw lemon juice makes hair shinier and stronger. • Valuable Properties as an Extract - Lemon is known as a powerful aromatic and as an internal cleanser that can be used to complement many other oils. Diffusing lemon in a room can cleanse the air and uplift your mood. It can also be used on surfaces throughout the home as a non-toxic cleaning booster. The common uses of lemon essential oil are to disinfect living areas and dissolve synthetics in the body. It also helps in the healing of gout. In addition to being an elixir for its medicinal qualities, lemon juice can also be used domestically to disinfect surfaces and help in the removal of stains. It is used by many people as an insecticide to ward off mosquitoes, flies and other insects. Cotton balls soaked in lemon oil could be kept in the bedroom or the living room to ward off all kinds of insects.

Tuesday, July 4, 2017

The Greatest Story Ever Told


https://new123movies.to/film/the-greatest-story-ever-told-20459/watching.html?ep=639140 George Stevens directed this masterpiece which was released in 1965. Many people could not appreciate its glory but I consider it as one of the most lavish Biblical films. It has sustained a reverence that is genuine and the pace has been deliberately extended to make it dream like. Its ambiance is otherworldly and evocative. This film is close to the luminous and the transcendent spirit as portrayed in the Gospel of John. The opening shot of this epic is taken from that gospel's prologue while depicting Christ's fresco in a church with his arms outstretched, recalling a context of over two thousand years of faith and tradition. Alfred Newman has written a magnificent score with acknowledgements from Handel's Hallelujah Chorus from his Oratorio, Messiah and Verdi's Messa da Requiem.

Thursday, June 29, 2017

Make this Planet Blissfully Habitual with Your Habits


Live to love your planet for it is the greatest blessing from your Creator. Your habits and the way you think make up what you are and they affect your health. Your habits not only work for you but that do have an influence on the health of the people around you and on the health of the planet you live in. When you realize this, you will start making your life better for yourself and for others. There are seven possible ways you can go about doing this. 1. Reduce your intake of meat and animal products - 52 billion pounds of meat is consumed each year. This meat eating habit has had a damaging effect on the environment and livestock production is responsible for more than half of all water consumed for all purposes. 2. Eat less, waste less – Eighty per cent of the people over the age of twenty five are obese in the United States of America. Most of these adults need to reduce their intake of calories during a day. The easiest way to do this is to reduce your portion sizes of whatever you eat. A study has been done that more than forty per cent of the food that is produced for consumption is wasted. 3. Eat more fruits and vegetables - All medical organizations and departments dealing with health recommend a few servings of fruits and vegetables in your daily diet. Not even ten per cent of the population follows that. If you ate fewer foods that require much water to produce, it would help cut down the water requirement. 4. Go local - One of the most powerful means to reduce the effect of your carbon footprints is to consume locally grown and processed food. Not only is the food likely to be fresh than if it were shipped halfway across the world, but it is likely to taste better and retain more nutrients. By supporting your local farmers and growers, you will be promoting your local economy. 5. Avoid fast food chain restaurants – Your love affair with fast food restaurant chains has not only hurt your health but it has also caused severe environmental damage. Fast food outlets are the main source of urban litter. Styrofoam and other food packaging materials are a big problem as they become one of the largest sources of marine debris. A million birds and many turtles and other sea animals die of starvation each year after nibbling on discarded Styrofoam, plastics and other material that block their digestive tracks. 6. Avoid plastic – The environmental impact of plastic is scary. Only a small percentage of plastic bags are recycled and this means that the rest end up in landfills, oceans and everywhere in the environment. So, bring a reusable bag with you to the grocery store next time you shop. Finally, love the people that you interact with and deal with all situations in a loving way. It will definitely make this planet blissfully habitual.

AChE Inhibitors


Acetyl Cholinesterase Inhibitors (AChE) are drugs that restrict the acetyl cholinesterase enzyme from breaking down acetyl choline. They increase the level and the duration of action of this neuro-transmitter. They can be classified as both reversible and irreversible. What are they used to treat? They are the basic line of treatment for myasthenia gravis (MG). Edrophonium is basically used as a diagnostic tool as a result of its shorter life. Pyridostigmine is given for longer term of maintenance. High dosage of corticosteroids is used to suppress auto-immunity. Patients with myasthenia gravis may also be prescribed Azathioprine and Cyclosporine. Bronchodilators may be helpful in taking care of the broncho-spasm that is linked with cholinergic crisis. AChE are also used medicinally • To treat glaucoma • To treat postural tachycardia syndrome • As an antidote to anti-cholinergic poisoning • To reverse the effect of non-depolarising muscle relaxants • To treat neuropsychiatric symptoms of diseases such as Alzheimer's disease, particularly apathy. Side Effects • Some major effects of cholinesterase inhibitors: • Actions on the parasympathetic nervous system may cause bradycardia, hypotension, hyper-secretion, broncho-constriction, GI tract hyper-motility and decrease intraocular pressure. • Actions on the neuromuscular junction will result in prolonged muscle contraction. Administration of reversible cholinesterase inhibitors is contraindicated with those that have urinary retention due to obstruction.

Home Fire Risks and Prevention


A home fire is caused from everyday living despite people being careful. Many fires are caused by faulty electrical wiring and this could be beyond your control. Things like lamps and toasters could short out. Heating is another cause of residential fire deaths. Wood stoves also could be dangerous. Cooking can be one of the major causes of residential fires as a result of defective stoves or ovens. Sometimes, a home fire could be because of cooking pots that may be left unattended on stoves or the burner being left on accidentally. In the past few years, there have been 530, 000 structure fires that have been responsible for the death of almost three thousand people and over eleven billion dollars in property damage as per statistics given by the National Fire Prevention. Historically, older homes that were built about fifty or sixty years ago had aluminium wiring that gets very hot and increases the chances of a home fire. There are many sources of a home fire. The risk increases when there is a drop in outside temperature. To prevent a home fire and keep your family safe, you have to pay attention to these issues: • Heating Equipment – You have to make sure that the heating equipment is not faulty. You have to check the equipment like furnaces, fireplaces, wood stoves, and portable heaters. • Servicing of the Equipment – Service the furnace and boilers. The burning appliances get dirty from use. The combustion appliances have to be cleaned by professionals and serviced regularly to maintain safe use. • Cleaning of the Fireplace Chimneys – The chimneys get dirty from combustion deposits like creosote. This can fuel a chimney fire. The chimney has to be checked by a certified chimney sweep. Try to burn hardwood logs when using the fireplace. Soft woods like cedar or pine can clog your chimney. Burning of paper and branches and leaves can release embers that can ignite your roof. The fireplace has to be covered by a strong screen that will keep hot embers from spreading in your living room. • Prevent Problems in Portable Heaters – Before using a portable heater, read the instructions of the manufacturer clearly. Do not place the heater where it can be easily knocked over. Keep it away from clothing and paper. You have to let the heater cool down before you refuel. Do not mix substitute fuels like gas or kerosene as the heaters are made for single fuel and mixing can cause fire. Prevention of home fire has to be a priority for a home owner. Do not ever feel complacent that you are at no risk of experiencing a home fire. This feeling of comfort could be as dangerous as the fire itself. Americans have the highest death rate after the Russians. You have to be careful with things like clothes, files or anything flammable that are kept close to a heat source. You have to be careful to keep things away from light bulbs, particularly in closets. Keep things like gas or paint thinner in safe containers and away from heat sources. Install new photo electric sensors which are sensitive to even slow fires. These detectors will give a great degree of protection and prevention against a home fire. At least one fire extinguisher per floor of your home is a good recommendation for the prevention of a home fire.

One of the Greatest All Rounders in the History of Cricket


Syed Abid Ali was born on 9th September 1941 in the great city of Hyderabad. He is one of the greatest all rounders that have played the game of cricket. He served Indian cricket in all the departments of the game. The only players that come close to his class are Vinoo Mankad, Lala Amarnath, Kapil Dev Nikhanj, Eknath Solkar and Mohinder Amarnath. I have known him personally. He is a genuine human being, full of warmth and compassion for others. He brought these qualities to the game that he played with passion. Syed Abid Ali did his early schooling in St. George’s Grammar School in Hyderabad. He moved on later to All Saints High School. Both these schools have given India several test players of quality. In 1956, he was selected to play for Hyderabad Schools purely for his fielding ability. He scored 82 against Kerala and won the best prize for fielding. A few years later, State Bank of Hyderabad formed a cricket team and gave him a job to play for the Bank. He started his first class cricket career as a fielder first and went on to become a wicket keeper before he made his mark on batting and bowling as well. He made it to the Hyderabad Juniors side in 1959. He played in the Ranji Trophy for Hyderabad from 1960 onwards. He got his first century in 1967. It was in the same year that he was selected for the test team tour to Australia and New Zealand. Syed Abid Ali has played twenty nine tests for India, scoring 1,018 runs with a highest of 81. He had six half centuries. He picked up thirty two catches and 47 wickets with a best of 6/55. He played five one day matches, scoring 93 runs with one half century and picked up seven wickets. He has played 224 first class matches, scoring 8,901 runs with a highest score of 173 not out and picked up 416 wickets. He played his first test on 23rd December 1967 against Australia at Adelaide and played his last test against the West Indies at Delhi on 11th December 1974. He played his first one day match against England on 13th July 1974 at Leeds and played his last one day match against New Zealand during the first One Day World Cup in England at Manchester on 14th June 1975. He played first class cricket between 1959 and 1979. Syed Abid Ali’s best batting and bowling performance came during his debut series against Australia in 1967. In the Sydney test, he scored 78 and 81 in both the innings respectively with the latter being his best test score and in the Adelaide test, he had figures of 6/55 that were his test career best. As a batsman, Syed Abid Ali was a watchful lower order batsman though he has played at one down many a times when the situation demanded. He was a great asset to all Indian captains. He was a right hand bat and a right arm medium fast bowler. He was brilliant with the new ball, getting the ball to swing both ways when the track and the weather conditions assisted him. I had the good fortune of watching him bowl Tony Lewis of England with the first ball of the test match when India was playing the visiting English side at Brabourne Stadium in Bombay in 1973. What could be said about his fielding capabilities? He was an outstanding fielder. I rate him as one of the greatest Indian fielders. Only Eknath Dhondu Solkar or Mohammad Azharuddin could have challenged his abilities. Unfortunately, the placid Indian pitches were doctored for spin and so Syed Abid Ali and Eknath Solkar played the second fiddle on the dead Indian tracks with their primary aim being the removal of the shine from the ball to pave the way rather early in an innings for the legendary spin quartet of India to take over. Syed Abid Ali is an uncle of mine and I am proud to have come across a genuine person like him. After he retired from first class cricket in 1979, he has had many coaching assignments. The principal ones being the Andhra Cricket team and the United Arab Emirates cricket team. He has seen many tragedies in his personal life since then. He lost his young son a few years back. He lives in retirement in California, United States of America now. With his endearing smile and his resilience against fate, he carries on with the struggles of modern life. Syed Abid Ali has been described to have had the feet of a sprinter, the energy of a marathon runner and the temperament of a decathlete. He ran between the wickets as if on invisible skates and threw himself at the ball while fielding no matter what ground it was. When the victory runs were scored in that fateful test at Port of Spain in West Indies in 1971, it was Sunil Gavaskar and Syed Abid Ali who marched triumphant to the pavilion to be greeted and congratulated by Sir Garfield Sobers who is the greatest all rounder that the game has seen.