Saturday, August 20, 2011

James Horner and Titanic

The Pride of South Bombay

No Indian community internalized the civilizing mission of the British as did the Parsis. Only 50,000 remain in Bombay today, mainly in South Bombay, the most disciplined and cultured part of India.
In South Bombay, the cutting of lanes by drivers is punished, jumping a red light is impossible, parking is possible only in allotted areas, roads are clean, service is efficient, the restaurants are unmatched - civilization seems within reach. South Bombay has some of the finest buildings in India , many of them built by Parsis.

The Parsis came to Bombay after Surat 's port silted over in the 17th century. Gerald Aungier settled in Bombay and gave Parsis land for their Tower of Silence on Malabar Hill in 1672. The Parsis made millions through the early and mid-1800s and they spent much of it on public good.

The Ambanis built Dhirubhai Ambani International School , where fees are Rs. 348,000 (US $8,000 a year in a country where per capita income is $ 600 per year) and where the head girl is Mukesh Ambani's daughter.

The Kingfisher Mallyas gilded the insides of the Tirupati temple with gold.

Lakshmi Mittal, the fourth richest richest man in the world says he's too young to think of charity... He's 57 and worth $45 billion.
The Birlas built 3 temples in Hyderabad , Jaipur and Delhi .
Hindu philanthropy means building temples. They do not understand social philanthropy. The Hindu's lack of enthusiasm for philanthropy is cultural. The Hindu cosmos is Hobbesian and the devotee's relationship with God is transactional. God must be petitioned and placated to swing the universe's blessings towards you and away from someone else.They believe that society has no role in your advancement and there is no reason to give back to it because it hasn't given you anything in the first place. Two centuries of British education was unable to alter this.

The Parsis, on the other hand, understood that philanthropy - love of mankind -
recognizes that we cannot progress alone. That there is such a thing as
the common good. They spent as no Indian community had ever before, on building institutions, making them stand out in a culture whose talent lies in renaming things other people built. The Parsis built libraries all over India , they built the National Gallery of Art. The Indian Institute of Science was built in 1911 by Jamshedji Nusserwanji Tata, the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research was built by Dr Homi Bhabha, the Tata Institute of Social Science was built in 1936 by the Sir Dorabji Tata Trust.
The Wadias built hospitals, women's colleges and the five great low-income Parsi colonies of Bombay. JJ Hospital and Grant Medical College were founded by Sir Jamsetjee Jejeebhoy.

By 1924, two out of five Indians - whether Hindu, Muslim or Parsi - joining the Indian Civil Services were on TATA scholarships.
They gave Bombay the Jehangir Art Gallery, Sir JJ School of Art, the Taraporevala Aquarium. The National Center for Performing Arts, the only place in India where world-class classical concerts are held is a gift of the Tatas.
There are 161 Friends of the Symphony Orchestra of India (SOI)and 92 of them are Parsi. For an annual fee of Rs 10,000, Friends of the SOI get two tickets to any one recital in the season, they get to shake hands with artistes after the concert and they get to attend music appreciation talks through the year.

Donations of Rs.1 million to the Tirupati Temple( will bring the donor and his family three days of darshan in the year, one gold coin with the lord's portrait and 20 laddoos. The temple's budget for 2007-08 was Rs 9 billion (Rs 904 crore / US $193 million!!!).

The Parsi dominates high culture in Bombay are always full in halls and this means that a concert experience in the city is unlike that in any other part of India . Classical concerts seat as many as two thousand.

Zubin Mehta, the most famous Parsi in the world, is director of the Israel Philharmonic Orchestra since 1969. He conducted the tenor Placido Domingo, the pianist Daniel Barenboim and the soprano Barbara Frittoli.

No other city in India has this appetite for Western classical music and in Bombay this comes from the Parsis. Despite their tiny population, the Parsi presence in a concert hall is above 50 per cent. Many have to be helped to their seats. Most of
them know the music.

The people who clap between movements, thinking that the 'song' is over, are non-Parsis. Symphony Orchestra of India concerts begin at 7 pm. Once the musicians start, latecomers must wait outside till the movement ends.
The end of each movement also signals a fusillade of coughs and groans, held back by doddering Parsis too polite to make a sound while Mendelssohn is being played. No mobile phone ever goes off as is common in cinema hall - the neighbors are aware of the Parsi's insistence of form and his temper.

The Parsis were also pioneers of Bombay 's Gujarati theatre, which remains the most popular form of live entertainment in Bombay. Any week of the year will see at least a half dozen bedroom comedies, murder mysteries, love stories and plays on assorted themes on stage.

Bombay 's first theatre was opened by Parsis in 1846, the Grant Road Theatre, donations from Jamshetjee Jejeebhoy and Framjee Cowasjee making it possible.

The Parsi in Bollywood caricature is a comic figure, but always honest, and innocent as Indians believe Parsis generally to be.

In the days before modern cars came to India the words 'Parsi-owned' were guaranteed to ensure that a second-hand car listed for sale would get picked up ahead of any others. This is because people are aware of how carefully the Parsi keeps his things. His understanding and enthusiasm of the mechanical separates him from the rest. Most of the automobile magazines in India are owned and edited by Parsis.

The Parsis are a dying community and this means that more Parsis die each year than are born (Symphony concert-goers can also discern the disappearing Parsi from the rising numbers of those who clap between movements).

As the Parsis leave, South Bombay will become like the rest of Bombay - brutish, undisciplined and filthy.

Preserve this race.....

You are privileged if you have a Parsi Bawa as your friend...He/She is indeed a "Heritage" to be treasured for ever.

Thursday, August 4, 2011


Completely imaginative and original opening to a magnificent Titan Symphony Of Gustav Mahler in D major. It is an impassioned integration and fusion of natural drama and gypsy folk music of the Alpine regions. The orchestral forces assemble together in a masterful display of artistry and technique in the opening movement - Langsam Schleppend Wie Ein Naturland Im Anfang Sehr.

Composed in 1884 and inspired b Jean Paul's novel `The Titan', this Symphony's Second Movement is `Blumine' (The Flower Piece). It is indeed like a flower blooming into immortality with the theme carried by the trumpet. It is a beautifully crafted movement with the closing strains on solo violin and soft strings and woodwinds with the final glissando on the harps. It is a pity that most of the conductors omit this movement and not include it in the reading of the Symphony. Zubin Mehta has done full justice to it.

The Third Movement: Kraftig Bewegt Doch Nicht Zu Schnell Landler Scherzo Trio. This movement was described as bringing spring with no end and a set with full sails. It is composed in A major. It is based on an Austrian Landler Folk dance. It is written in a truly mad and deep style that is releasing an ardent energy and depicting true joy of life. It is being played in a live concert by the Orchestra Del Maggio Musicale Fiorentina with Zubin Mehta at the Tchaikovsky Concert Hall in Moscow on 5th April 2011.

The third movement is the slow movement. Feierlich und Gemessen, ohne zu Schleppen. It is a hunter's funeral and the hunter is being carried by animals. The melodic material is based on the popular Alpine folk melody `Bruder Martin' or also known as `Frere Jacques'. Mahler changed it though and transformed it into a minor mode. the movement ends with simple alternating fourths in the lower strings bringing the key motive back from the initial movement.

The Finale - Sturmisch Bewegt - has to burst in after the dissipating gong resonance of the Hunter's Funeral in an impetuous fashion. There is a storm. The great theme after the storm has to be phrased in an excellent way. It has to be interpreted as anxious, angry and dramatic to conclude in a blaze as Zubin Mehta does in his reading.

Tuesday, August 2, 2011


Ludwig Van Beethoven. Egmont. Op.84. It is a set of compositions written as incidental music for the 1787 play of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. Beethoven completed it in June 1810. It has an overture and nine parts for soprano and orchestra.
The music is on the subject of Count Egmont's heroism. Beethoven expresses his own political statements in the music, particularly about the sublime importance of the sacrifice of a man who is condemned to death but has the guts in raising a voice against oppression.
The definitive performance is by the stupendous reading of Leonard Bernstein with the New York Philharmonic followed by worthy performances of Herbert von Karajan with the Berliner Philharmoniker, Zubin Mehta with the Maggio Musicale di Fiorentino and Wilhelm Furtwangler with the Berliner Philharmoniker.

This is the complete incidental music to the play:

Take out time to read the play by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe which was written in 1788.