Beethoven's Missa Solemnis was composed in 1823. Beethoven set his First Mass in C Major. Op. 86 many years earlier. The Mass is also an important choral work in the Beethoven archives.
Missa Solemnis is considered as one of the three greatest masses ever written along with Bach's B Minor Mass and Bruckner's F Minor Mass.
Missa Solemnis can be classified as a massive choral symphony. It is one of Beethoven's major achievements. He wrote it at the height of his powers. It is scored for the full classical orchestra including the trombones, soloists and four part chorus. It is scored in five movements.
The definitive performance is given by Herbert Von Karajan and the Berliner Philharmoniker with the Wiener Singverein. Another noteworthy performance is by Leonard Bernstein and the Concertgebouw Orchestra of Amsterdam.
An excerpt of the Recapitulation of the First Movement Kyrie Eleison played by Karajan